A fallacy is an error in logic, a misleading or incorrect belief, and is the basis for an unsound argument. Below are some common fallacies. Encountering a fallacy in an argument doesn't necessarily mean the argument is false; it just means that the point hasn't been argued correctly. Strive to avoid fallacies in your arguments as well as sources that contain fallacies in order to strengthen your position.
This page presents only a few fallacies that are most common in arguments. There are many resources available on the web if you'd like to learn more. Try searching Google for: common fallacies in arguments.
- You are so stupid you're argument couldn't possibly be true
- Senator X can't be right because he's a moron
- All of my neighbors are going to vote for Sally to be the head of the school board. You should too.
- Most Americans don't want a government-run health care option. Therefore, nationalized health care would be bad for America.
- This is the way we've always done it. Therefore, it is the right way.
- This law has been around since 1804! It must be a good law since it's been around so long.
- God exists because the Bible says so. The Bible is inspired. Therefore, we know that God exists.
- You can't give me a D in this class; I'm an A student!
- It's so sad that the bank foreclosed on my neighbor's house. The bank is completely wrong to do that.
- What's in your refrigerator could kill you - details at 11.
- Our only choices for preventing an energy crisis in the future are either wind or solar power.
- If you don't give me an A, I won't get into Law School!
- My child was vaccinated 5 years ago, and now he has developed autism. This proves that vaccines cause autism.
- I had a cold last week, and I drank a lot of orange juice over the weekend. I feel better this week, so orange juice must've cured my cold.
- Any stereotype.
- We know that Senator X is going to win the election next week based on the poll results. The poll quoted predominantly surveyed people in Senator X's party.
- Legalizing gay marriage will cause the downfall of our society.
- If we start giving everyone the Wednesday before Thanksgiving off, before you know it, we'll have to give everyone the whole week off.